The consequences of FMD in developing countries are often underestimated due to the lack of understanding of the cumulative effects of FMD:
- Mortality in new-born animals (in particular lamb, goat kids and piglets);
- Significantly lowered milk production of cows, buffaloes, goats and sheep;
- Delayed of weight gain in fattening animals.
- FMD prevents traction animals from working in the field or providing transportation. In developing countries this may cause to diminished agricultural production and thus threaten food security at the household level.
- FMD-affected countries are excluded from lucrative export markets and the disease has a negative effect on local and regional trade in food of animal origin.